The Process

Where is the process up to?

Consultation on the proposals took place around the country and online over four months following release of the Indigenous Voice Co-design Interim Report on 9 January 2021. The co-design groups considered feedback to refine the proposals and recommendations for their final report, which was provided to the Australian Government in late July 2021.


On 30 October 2019, the Minister for Indigenous Australians, the Hon Ken Wyatt AM MP, announced the start of the Indigenous Voice co-design process.

Stage one of the co-design process saw three Indigenous Voice co-design groups, comprising 52 members from around the country, work together to develop the detail of what an Indigenous Voice could look like and how it could work.

The three groups are:

The Local and Regional Co-design Group and the National Co-design Group and are looking at ways to create local, regional and national elements of an Indigenous Voice. The Senior Advisory Group is guiding the overall process.

Stage one is now complete. The proposals were presented to the Australians Government in the Indigenous Voice Co-design Interim Report to the Australian Government in late-October 2020. It is available on the Resources page.

Stage two of the co-design process is now complete. Individuals, communities and organisations have provided feedback on how they think the proposals for Local and Regional Voices and a National Voice could work for them through consultations around the country and online.

The co-design groups considered all feedback to refine the proposals and recommendations for their final report which has been given to the Australian Government for consideration.

Why do we need an Indigenous Voice?

We want to make sure the ideas and views of Indigenous Australians are heard in the development of policy and decision-making that affect them.

Co-designing an Indigenous Voice means that any options or models considered will be developed in partnership with Indigenous Australians, the government and broader Australia.

Greater say and a stronger relationship with Indigenous Australians benefits all Australians. For programs, policies and decisions that impact Indigenous Australians to be truly reflective of all Australia, Indigenous voices must be heard and included.

As a result we will benefit from better decisions, programs and policies that reflect a broader, richer and more diverse Australia.

How did we get here?

There have been calls for an Indigenous Voice over many decades.

The Social Justice Commissioner specifically called for a voice in the Human Rights Commission’s Social Justice Reports published in 2006, 2008 and 2009 and the Cape York Institute did the same in 2012 and 2015.

More recently, in 2017 the Uluru Statement from the Heart and the Referendum Council called for the establishment of a First Nations Voice enshrined in the Australian Constitution.

In 2018 the Joint Select Committee on Constitutional Recognition relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples recommended the Australian Government initiate a process of co-design to develop detail for an Indigenous voice.

On 30 October 2019, the Minister for Indigenous Australians, the Hon Ken Wyatt AM MP, announced the Indigenous Voice co-design process, established to develop models to enhance local and regional decision-making and options to provide a voice for Indigenous Australians to government.