Submissions: Your Feedback

Submissions from people and organisations who have agreed to have their feedback published are provided below.

The views expressed in these submissions belong to their authors. The National Indigenous Australians Agency reserved the right not to publish submissions, or parts of submissions, that include, for example, material that is offensive, racist, potentially defamatory, personal information, is a copy of previously provided materials, or does not relate to the consultation process.

An auto-generated transcript of submissions provided as attachments has been made available to assist with accessibility. These transcripts may contain transcription errors. Please refer to the source file for the original content.

Please note not all submissions are provided in an attachment. For submissions without an attachment, click on the name of the person or organisation to view the text.

Site functionality has recently been improved. You can now search by participant name and submission number. You can also click on the number, date and participant column headings to sort the order of submissions.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that submissions may contain images or names of deceased people.

If you require any further assistance please contact Co-designVoice@niaa.gov.au.


Submission Number
Andrew Watts
Submission date
Main Submission Automated Transcript

Andrew Watts
Gerringong, NSW 2534

To whom it may concern

Submission to Co-design process

I am a non-Indigenous person on a life-long path of learning and valuing Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander peoples. I am a Uniting Church minister but write on my own behalf.
Over time I have learnt a lot about what my church, and other churches, have done (and
not done) throughout our history on these lands. There have been many mistakes and
much hurt and trauma caused. I value the path my church is on, including some significant
acknowledgements of this past, and I realise we still have a long way to go. My own
individual path informs and shapes me. I am gradually learning to do a lot more listening
and a lot less talking. I currently live on the south coast of NSW and have the privilege of
enjoying the beauty of the Dharawal and Yuin Nations countries thanks to their wise
stewardship over millennia. The people from these nations whom I have met have been
gracious and welcoming. Previously I have lived on Warwa, Nyikina, Miriwoong and
Awngthim countries and been a guest of many nations in the Kimberley as well as Yolngu
and Anangu peoples.

Why do you think the Uluru Statement from the Heart is important?
I think the Uluru Statement from the Heart is a key statement in our joint history. It came
from an unprecedented process of gathering many Indigenous voices. It speaks of hard
truths, with dignity and grace. It is like an invitation to start again from an honest, open and
respectful beginning. It names a clear way of doing this - Voice, Treaty, Truth. Past and
present trauma will haunt us as individuals and a society until the story is told, until the
truth is faced, until we reckon with them.

How could a Voice to Parliament improve the lives of your community?
A Voice to Parliament can give some wisdom and direction for policies and
implementation. It can save enormous amounts of money by preventing expenditure on
practices that are known not to work and directing it, NOT through intermediaries, straight
to organisations who can have positive impacts with people on the ground. At the same
time there will be the significant value of Indigenous people having a sense that there is a
real and highly visible way in which their voices can be heard.

Why do you think it's important to enshrine the Voice to Parliament in the
Constitution, rather than include it only in legislation?
This voice must be enshrined in the Constitution. We are not talking about yet another
bandaid patch up job to tweak policies around the edges. What is needed is starting all
over again, from the beginning, with respect, dignity, grace and integrity. Starting again
means starting with the source document - the Constitution. It was drawn up in the
absence of Indigenous people - a sign of the disrespect and fundamental flaw in the whole
Commonwealth of Australia project and its predecessors in the colonies. Unless there is a
Constitutional change we are wasting our time and energy.
Why is it important for Indigenous people to have a say in the matters that affect
Indigenous people must have an unfettered, clear and strong voice about the matters that
affect them. It is plainly obvious that decision making by others 'about' them has not
worked. On the ground all over Australia there have been and are some incredibly
valuable services being run by Indigenous people for Indigenous people. There are many
straightforward, common sense solutions that come from their deep knowledge of their
own communities and peoples and what works and does not work.

These changes need to be made as soon as possible. People are dying while we delay.

Kind regards,

Andrew Watts



We acknowledge the Traditional Owners and custodians of country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, waters and community. We pay our respects to the people, the cultures and the Elders past, present and emerging.