25 April 2021
Minister Ken Wyatt
Members of the Voice Co-Design Groups
Dear Minister, dear Members,
We are writing to you today in our personal capacities as two non-Indigenous Australians who
have worked at senior levels of local and international law and policy. We strongly support the
desire, and acknowledge the right, of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of
Australia to be accorded constitutional recognition and the constitutional protection of a First
Nations Voice to Parliament, in line with the Uluru Statement.
Two decades ago, we both worked under the Howard Government in the Commonwealth
Attorney-General’s Department, one of us in the Indigenous Law and Justice team. One of us
was also an associate to Justice Dyson Heydon on the High Court. Since then, we have lived and
worked overseas, focusing on human rights issues. We have provided human rights briefings
and advice to numerous international bodies and officials including: the OECD, the UK Prime
Minister, the EU Council, the OSCE and numerous United Nations bodies – the Security Council,
General Assembly, Human Rights Council, Secretary-General, High Commissioner for Human
Rights, Special Representatives of the Secretary-General, and the UN Permanent Forum on
We have recently returned to live in Australia. We are grateful to be back in a society where we
have immediate access to a robust social and public health safety net, where we can feel heard
in local and national political life and where we feel welcome and safe as part of the
community. That is, in no small part, because we are white. We acknowledge that many other
Australians do not necessarily feel this way. For them, the promise of Australian sovereignty
and the Australian Constitution has not yet been fully realized and the famous Australian ‘Fair
Go’ remains elusive. This is especially the case for Australia’s First Nations peoples, whose own
sovereignties, cultures and strength offer so much to Australia’s national life – if we make
appropriate space for First Nations voices and commit to respectfully hear and engage with
We recognise the ongoing, severe impacts of colonisation on this country’s First Nations
peoples, including impacts at the legal, cultural, socio-economic and personal levels. We believe
that all non-Indigenous Australians have a clear responsibility to address these impacts, if
Australia is to meet its Constitutional and international human rights commitments and live up
to its stated values.
We also believe that Australia now has a unique opportunity, thanks to the vision and
generosity of Indigenous Australians in the Uluru Statement from the Heart, to enrich our
sovereignty. Nothing in the Uluru Statement is at odds with who we are as a nation. As law
students twenty-five years ago (at the University of New South Wales and University of Sydney
respectively), we watched as the Australian legal system began to correct historical wrongs
relating to native title. The Mabo case, and the Commonwealth Parliament’s legislative
response to it, demonstrated the capacity of Australia’s legal and political system to
accommodate the experiences, realities and voices of our First Nations peoples.
As human rights lawyers, we have also witnessed the benefits countries around the world have
enjoyed from affording their Indigenous peoples constitutional protections, especially those
protecting the right to self-determination and other rights recognised by governments, such as
Australia, in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
We believe that constitutional protection of a First Nations Voice is an essential foundation
for any model of the Voice, and that a constitutional referendum on this question would be
the most appropriate next step. Indeed, this would make good on the Government’s own
commitment at the last election. A referendum should be followed promptly by the passage of
enabling legislation in the next term of Parliament.
First Nations peoples themselves should determine who they want to represent them in the
Voice. This means that all First Nations individuals should have equal opportunity to be
appointed to the Voice, and selection processes should not privilege established leaders, as
important as their roles have been and will continue to be.
In conclusion, we believe that now is the time for the Australian political system to embrace the
opportunity being offered to our country by First Nations peoples. This is a unique chance to
walk together towards a more respectful, constructive and mature Australia, based on dialogue
and cooperation. We welcome their invitation, strongly support their proposals, and look
forward to living in an Australia that offers all Australians the same opportunity to determine
their own fate that we have enjoyed.
Thank you for your hard work to also advance this vision.
Rachel Davis and James Cockayne